Sexual health OTC revolution

Building on the news covered in last week’s blog that Sanofi is planning to implement the US Rx-to-OTC switch of erectile dysfunction treatment Cialis by end-2024, this week we look at another major development in the OTC sexual health & fertility category – the announcement by the UK’s MHRA that it has launched a public consultation on the reclassification of two progestogen-only contraceptive pills containing desogestrel, marking the first time the agency has considered such a change.

MHRA is asking the public and stakeholders for their views on whether two continuous-use oral contraceptives – HRA Pharma’s Hana and Maxwellia’s Lovima, both as 75mcg film-coated tablets in 28-count packs – should become pharmacy medicines and available OTC, without a medical prescription (although, in parallel, desogestrel 75mcg will also remain available on prescription, with women potentially able to switch between prescription or pharmacy supply at different times). The agency notes that if the products are reclassified, pharmacists will have access to training materials and a checklist to help them to identify women who can receive the two medicines safely. Two separate consultations are open until 5th March (Hana link; Lovima link).

Following the switch of Adamed’s Maxon Forte (sildenafil 50mg) in Poland in early 2020, the rollout of OTC Viagra (Viatris) to Norway and Ireland in 2020, plus the EU centralised Rx-to-OTC switch of Fortacin (Recordati for Plethora Solutions) for premature ejaculation – formulated with lidocaine 150mg + prilocaine 50mg – in September 2020, the past year has seen a rapid expansion in the availability of OTC sexual health & fertility medicines. With OTC ED on the near horizon in the US market, the UK approval of the daily contraceptive pill as an OTC medicine could lead to a wave of similar approvals worldwide, and inject substantial growth into the global CHC market over the coming years.

CHC.NewDirections Consulting Editor, Nina Stimson adds: This really is an exciting proposal – not only a first for the UK, but also the first significant bid to offer oral contraceptives without prescription outside the Asia Pacific region – China and South East Asian markets lead the way, although sales in most markets are relatively small. If the proposal is approved, will UK pharmacists actively support the switch and help build OTC supply (and will the pharmacy protocol be sufficiently user-friendly not to push women back to the doctor)? And will any price differential between Rx or OTC supply be a factor? Not all ambitious switches in the UK have succeeded in the past, but we have high hopes for this one. Time will tell …

You can save up to GB£1,350 when you pre-order our forthcoming report from CHC New Products Tracker, Innovation in CHC: 2020’s NPD & Launch activity under the spotlight before 31st March! As well as looking in more depth at the latest OTC sexual health & fertility developments, the report also showcases the top 100 innovations in 2020 and features major ingredient trends, delivery format trends and much more. For more information, or to pre-order your copy, please contact melissa.lee@NicholasHall.com.

Sanofi CHC on track to be standalone unit by end-2022

At Sanofi’s Capital Markets Day 2021, the company’s Head of Consumer Healthcare, Julie Van Ongevalle, shared her vision for the business: “With the ongoing implementation of our fully integrated standalone model, we look forward to being more agile and reducing the complexity of our portfolio to drive growth with our consumer-centric, data-driven marketing approach.” The aim is to divest around 150 brands (from the current 250) in the next two years to focus on “priority categories”, such as allergy, body pain, general pain and mental wellness – particularly sleep aids – via a “granular approach”.

Rx-to-OTC switch has already been a key factor in driving growth in one of Sanofi’s priority categories, allergy remedies, thanks to the successful global OTC rollout of Allegra (first available in the USA in 2011) and launch of Xyzal Allergy 24HR (USA, 2017). Josephine Fubara, Chief Science Officer at Sanofi CHC, noted that Sanofi continues to make progress in bringing two potential OTC switches to the market in the coming years, erectile dysfunction treatment Cialis and flu antiviral Tamiflu, presenting a blockbuster opportunity with a combined sales potential of €1bn in the US market alone.

Source: Sanofi Capital Markets Day 2021 presentation

Sanofi also stated that it is on track with its plans to be a standalone CHC business by end-2022. The company said that the overall planning for the transition was complete, and that the majority of its standalone CHC legal entities would be operational by end-2021. Among the benefits that Sanofi believes this transition will bring include the agility to reignite its innovation engine and reduce time-to-market by around 20%.

Looking ahead, Sanofi is targeting above average market growth, driven by its focus on priority categories and Rx-to-OTC switch, with a view to becoming the best-in-market CHC performer by 2024-25. Supporting this objective will be a focus on consumer insights, an emphasis on e-Commerce and digital channels and the operational independence provided by Sanofi’s standalone model.

Save up to GB£1,350 when you pre-order our forthcoming report from CHC New Products Tracker, Innovation in CHC: 2020’s NPD & Launch activity under the spotlight before 31 March. The report showcases the Top 100 innovations in 2020 and features major ingredient trends, delivery format trends, and much more. For further details, or to pre-order your copy, please contact melissa.lee@NicholasHall.com.

Switch: 2020 Review and 2021 Prospects

According to our CHC New Products Tracker tool, which covers 20 key markets globally, 2020 was a relatively good year for Rx-to-OTC switch activity, not quite at the level of particularly active years like 2018, but above average in terms of switch-related launch developments, and with some notable breakthroughs such as GSK’s switch of Voltaren Arthritis Pain (diclofenac) in the USA and Glenmark’s Momate Rhino Advance Nasal Spray (mometasone + azelastine) switch in Russia.

Thanks to the Rx-to-OTC reclassification of Voltaren Arthritis Pain, as well as eye allergy itch relief range Pataday (Alcon), the US market led the way in terms of switch developments in 2020, along with Poland, Germany and China. As for category switch trends, looking at Tracker data for the past 8 years (2013 to 2020), allergy remedies has been by far the most active OTC subcategory in producing new products following switch activity, with double the amount of NPD activity as the next nearest subcategory, cough remedies.

Looking ahead to 2021, one of the first switch developments this year will again be an allergy remedy. The UK’s Medicines & Healthcare products Regulatory Agency granted GSL status to Sanofi’s Allevia tablets for seasonal allergic rhinitis (fexofenadine 120mg; 12+ years; 1 tablet per day) in late December 2020. Once Allevia and other OTC fexofenadine products are launched, they will enjoy mass market distribution from the outset (it is more common in the UK for switched ingredients to be granted pharmacy-only OTC status). This is the second Rx-to-GSL UK allergy remedy switch in as many months, following approval for J&J’s Rhinocort Aqua budesonide 64mcg nasal spray in November 2020 (to be marketed as Benacort Hayfever Relief).

In addition, Poland remains at the forefront of global switch activity, with the country’s medicines agency (URPL) recently approving the Rx-to-OTC switch of Famotydyna Ranigast film-coated tablets (Polpharma; famotidine 20mg). Claimed to relieve indigestion, heartburn and hyperacidity for up to 12 hours, this is the first famotidine option available OTC in Poland. Meanwhile, Australia’s TGA is seeking comments until 27th January 2021 on proposed amendments to the Poisons Standard, which will be discussed at the March 2021 meeting of the Advisory Committee on Medicines Scheduling, including adding the following pharmacist-only medicines to Appendix H to permit consumer advertising: prochlorperazine and metoclopramide for the treatment of nausea associated with migraine; and chloramphenicol for ophthalmic use.

We are delighted to announce that our annual European e-Conference 2021 will take place online on 28 & 29 April! With options for individual and corporate site or global access, take the chance to keep up with what’s happening in consumer healthcare today and contact elizabeth.bernos@NicholasHall.com

Rx-to-OTC switch: Fortacin in EU, CBD in Australia

Rx-to-OTC switch activity has shown signs of revival so far in 2020, and two more positive news stories emerged last week. First, the European Commission has approved the Rx-to-OTC switch of Fortacin topical spray for premature release in adult men (owned by Plethora Solutions and marketed under licence by Recordati; lidocaine 150mg/ml + prilocaine 50mg/ml), following the July 2020 recommendation from the EMA’s Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use. Recordati will reportedly begin the OTC launch of Fortacin in January 2021. This is the fifth brand to receive switch approval via the EU centralised procedure, and the first since 2015 when ellaOne (HRA Pharma) was given the rubber stamp.

Secondly, a delegate of the Secretary to Australia’s Department of Health has released an interim recommendation to switch plant-derived or synthetic CBD ≤60mg (up to 30 days’ supply, adults aged 18+ years) from Rx to Schedule 3 (Pharmacist-only), with a proposed implementation date of 1st June 2021. The ingredient will also be added to Appendix M of the Poisons Standard, with supply limited to medicines registered on the Australian Registry of Therapeutic Goods.

Source: CHC New Products Tracker

Comments are being sought until 13th October 2020 on this proposed CBD switch in Australia, as well as the following recommendations:

  • Switch migraine treatment eletriptan ≤40mg (up to two tablets) from Rx to S3 and include the ingredient in Appendix H to permit consumer A+P (1st February 2021)
  • Permit the S2 (Pharmacy-only) sale of immediate-release ibuprofen ≤400mg (up to 12 dosage units) when labelled not for children under 12 years (1st February 2021)
  • Do not switch sildenafil 50mg (up to four dosage units) from Rx to S3 and include the ingredient in Appendix H and Appendix M
  • Do not permit general sale of oxymetazoline ≤0.05% nasal sprays
  • Do not permit the S2 sale of clotrimazole ≤1% preparations for vaginal use

One of the key reasons behind the TGA’s establishing Appendix M in January 2018 was to facilitate future switch activity by helping ingredients meet the S3 Scheduling Policy Framework criteria through the provision of additional pharmacist controls or supply requirements. This channel has had some success, with CBD appearing to be the latest ingredient to benefit. Some stakeholders had also hoped that additional controls would finally sway opinion on the OTC availability of ED medicines but the scheduling delegate did not think the risk mitigation strategies outlined in the Appendix M entry assessed the risks associated with sildenafil use.

Nicholas Hall Writes: Last week I presented the key conclusions from last year’s New Paradigms report and my client asked, what will be the really high growth categories in the post-Covid CHC market? That is a really good question, and it seems to me that there are six emerging sectors each with sales potential of over US$10bn at MSP:

  1. CBD
  2. Sexual health
  3. Sleep, stress & mood
  4. Food allergy & intolerance
  5. Probiotics
  6. Immunity

Each of these presents opportunities, each of these presents formidable obstacles. In the case of CBD, the major hurdle is regulatory. So if this news from Australia is borne out, and CBD becomes a registered OTC category — the first in the world — we will have overcome the first barrier in the long journey to regulate and regularise this awesome opportunity, and I use the word awesome in its original sense, not as a teenage throwaway remark!

Don’t miss out on your chance to save up to GB£1,800 when you pre-order our upcoming report, Cough, Cold & Allergy before 30 September! For more information, or to pre-order your copy, please contact melissa.lee@NicholasHall.com.

GSK and Alcon get FDA approval for US switches

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Following on from our recent blog highlighting the need for a new wave of Rx-to-OTC switches to kickstart growth in the global consumer healthcare industry, this week we cover the welcome news that the FDA has approved three drugs for non-prescription use. As well as GSK’s topical analgesic gel Voltaren Arthritis Pain (diclofenac sodium 1%), two Alcon eye care allergy products (available as solution / drops) have also switched to OTC status – Pataday Twice Daily Relief (olopatadine 0.1%) and Pataday Once Daily Relief (olopatadine 0.2%).

Karen Mahoney, Acting Deputy Director of the Office of Nonprescription Drugs at the FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation & Research, said: “Approval of a wider range of non-prescription drugs has the potential to improve public health by increasing the types of drugs consumers can access and use that would otherwise only be available by prescription. This includes providing the millions of people that suffer with joint pain from arthritis daily over-the-counter access to another non-opioid treatment option.”

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Olopatadine is available OTC in a handful of other countries worldwide, but this is the first time it’s been switched in a major market. One of the countries where the ingredient can be purchased without a prescription is Singapore, which approved the Rx-to-OTC switch of olopatadine 0.1% and 0.2% in December 2016. More recently, Poland’s Office for Registration of Medicinal Products, Medical Devices & Biocidal Products (URPL) approved the Rx-to-OTC switch of Polfa Warszawa’s Starelltec Alergia eye drops (olopatadine 1mg / ml; 5ml bottle) in July 2019 and Adamed’s Oftahist eye drops (olopatadine 1mg / ml; 5ml bottle) in November 2019.

Voltaren currently ranks fifth among the world’s leading consumer healthcare brands, according to CHC DASHBOARD, and this switch could see it move up the rankings and even move ahead of its new GSK stablemate Advil into the No.3 position globally within the next few years. While the US switch of Voltaren has long been mooted, the news is all the more welcome at a time when the world’s No.1 CHC market is in desperate need of an injection of growth, and US arthritis sufferers are also in need of a wider pool of OTC non-opioid treatment options.

For the full story, be sure to read tomorrow’s edition of CHC.NewDirections, a weekly e-newsletter sent out every Tuesday. CHC.NewDirections focuses on innovation, science and regulation, and coverage spans Rx-to-OTC switch, CBD, relevant medical research, probiotics, medical devices, digital health / AI, e-cigarettes and much more! For more information, or to arrange a free trial, please contact Melissa.Lee@NicholasHall.com

Rx-to-OTC switch outlook for 2020

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One of the factors contributing to lower global consumer healthcare growth in recent years has been a falling-off in Rx-to-OTC switch activity in key markets like Japan and the USA. Looking ahead, however, there are reasons to be positive. In December 2019, Sanofi CEO Paul Hudson cited the company’s “plans to accelerate the over-the-counter switches for Cialis and Tamiflu” in order to fulfil its ambition of growing faster than the CHC market over the mid-term. In light of the current coronavirus epidemic, the benefits of wider OTC access to flu remedies is all the more evident.

Sexual health is another category with huge Rx-to-OTC switch potential, notably erectile dysfunction medicines and daily oral contraceptives. Though the switch of Cialis (tadalafil) has been stuck at the FDA for several years now since its submission, sildenafil (Viagra) is enjoying ever wider OTC availability, especially in Europe. After switching in Poland in 2016, sildenafil was launched as Viagra Connect (Pfizer) in the UK in 2018 and will be launched OTC as Viagra Reseptfri in Norwegian pharmacies in early 2020.

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There is also renewed interest in OTC triptans for migraine. A handful of switches took place in the mid-2000s but were held back by OTC purchase limits (a 2-tablet emergency pack). Over the past year, various countries have again began discussing triptan switches including Australia, Ireland and Germany (which is expected to expand the number of triptan molecules in the OTC sector), though major expansion of the segment is unlikely without larger pack sizes.

All that said, reverse-switch remains a threat and one OTC ingredient of ongoing concern is codeine. In late 2019, New Zealand’s Medicines Classification Committee, following Australia’s lead, recommended that all codeine-containing medicines should be reverse-switched from OTC to Rx. In January 2020, citing “widespread concern about the abuse of codeine-containing preparations nationally and globally”, the South African Health Products Regulatory Authority said it is reviewing the scheduling status of codeine and codeine-containing medicines which are available without a prescription.

CHC.NewDirections is an e-newsletter sent every Tuesday, with a focus on innovation, science and regulationCoverage spans Rx-to-OTC switch, CBD, relevant medical research, probiotics, medical devices and new delivery formats, digital health / AI, e-cigarettes and much more! For more information, or to arrange a free trial, please contact Melissa.Lee@NicholasHall.com

GSK and Sanofi seek to stand alone

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Structural reorganisation is on the agenda of two of the world’s leading CHC marketers in 2020. GSK’s consumer health tie-up with Pfizer in August 2019 was last year’s major M&A development and now the company’s next ambition is to list the new CHC business on the London Stock Exchange. As for Sanofi, the company unveiled a new strategy just before Christmas, including making Sanofi Consumer Healthcare a standalone business. In the meantime, both companies continue to trim their CHC portfolios.

In December 2019, Pfizer agreed to divest its topical pain management business, ThermaCare, to Italian-based Angelini for an undisclosed sum, reports apotheke.adhoc.de. In July 2019, the European Commission approved the consumer healthcare merger of GSK and Pfizer, conditional upon the global divestment of ThermaCare. The agreement follows Angelini’s acquisition of BoxaGrippal systemic cold & flu remedy and the Heumann herbal medicinal tea range from Sanofi in August 2019.

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Meanwhile, it was announced this month that BI is to sell Buscopan antispasmodic and Buscofem menstrual pain analgesic to Hypera Pharma in Brazil for Rs1.3bn (US$329mn). The deal, which is subject to approval by Administrative Council for Economic Defence (CADE), is in line with Hypera’s strategy of strengthening its portfolio with “established brands with high growth potential”. Under the terms of its 2017 business swap with BI, Sanofi has acquisition preference for the brands and could still pose a counteroffer. However, industry sources suggest that the company is unlikely to exercise this right.

In December 2019, Sanofi unveiled a new strategy to drive innovation and growth, focusing on three core global business units: Specialty Care, Vaccines and General Medicines. Consumer Healthcare will be a standalone business unit with integrated R&D and manufacturing functions. CEO Paul Hudson explained: “Our objective for the CH business is to unlock value and entrepreneurial energy by growing faster than the market over the mid-term. We believe the new standalone structure, coupled with plans to accelerate the OTC switches for Cialis and Tamiflu, will position the business well to accomplish this ambition.” Hudson added that the Rx erectile dysfunction treatment and flu remedy are expected to switch by 2026, adding around US$1bn to Sanofi’s top line.

Are you looking to make a strategic or bolt-on acquisition? If so, our Consultancy team would be happy to have a confidential discussion with you. Our specialist team can negotiate the successful acquisition of companies and brands, asset swaps, fostering and financing. We work with a number of strategic and financial partners to evaluate potential opportunities – for buyers and sellers – in the M&A, licensing and fundraising space. To find out more, please contact ekaterina.panteleeva@NicholasHall.com.

CHC trends in 2020

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In Nicholas Hall’s recent signature New Paradigms report, there were 15 Infinity Zones identified as offering substantial growth opportunities for the consumer healthcare market over the next decade, against a backdrop of uncertainty in the industry caused by the recent wave of mega-mergers. These include the development of new CHC products for diabetes and food intolerance, as well as a further uptick in activity for probiotics, MedTech and e-Commerce. In this week’s blog, we look at three trends that may boost the consumer healthcare market in 2020.

CBD and beyond

2019 was the year of CBD, as evidenced by our CHC New Products Tracker service, which logged over 300 new CBD products in the US market alone last year. A recent article in US pharmacy trade publication, Drug Store News, suggests that CBD is just the tip of the cannabinoid iceberg, with various other cannabinoids set to take off over the coming year. These include cannabigerol (CBG), which is said to produce a stimulant effect, cannabinol (CBN), claimed to show benefits as a sleep aid, and cannabichromene (CBC), claimed to be an effective pain reliever.

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Veganism on the rise

A UK-based campaign that has received a lot of celebrity endorsements, Veganuary, is encouraging people to try veganism in the month of January. One of the benefits of the rise in veganism for VMS marketers is increased awareness of the nutrients we require, many of which can be lacking in a vegan diet. For instance, several leading proponents of veganism like The Vegan Society recommend taking vitamin B12 supplements while adopting a vegan diet. Our CHC New Products Tracker service has also recorded a strong rise in vegan-friendly supplements in the past two years, a trend that looks set to accelerate in 2020.

Uptick in switch activity?

One of the trends responsible for the slowdown in global CHC market growth these past 3-4 years is the drop-off in Rx-to-OTC switch activity, especially in the world’s No.1 market, USA. There are signs this is about to change – for example, Viagra is due to lose its final patents in the USA in 2020. In Japan, the world’s No.3 CHC market, there has been a similar falling off in switch activity, with just two ingredients approved for reclassification in 2018 and 2019. However, 2019 saw the first ingredient to be switched under a new system set up by Japan’s drugs agency, MHLW, which has nominated over 30 ingredients as eligible for switch. With the Tokyo Olympics also on the horizon in summer 2020, this year could see a revival in Japan’s sluggish CHC market.

With options available for complete access to all 20 markets covered by CHC New Products Tracker, or a subscription for selected categories or countries, contact waisan.lee-gabell@NicholasHall.com today to find out more or set up a free trial!

France clamps down on OTC painkillers

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First came a public consultation launched by French medicines agency, ANSM, in August 2018 on how to increase consumer awareness of the risks of paracetamol misuse or overdose. Then followed the decision in July 2019 that, within 9 months, all paracetamol-based medicines must carry a prominent warning on packaging, to inform consumers about risks associated with paracetamol overdose, particularly hepatotoxicity. Paracetamol is the most commonly prescribed and used medicine in France, and the change affects more than 200 medicines.

Now, the ANSM has decided that, to reinforce the advisory role of the pharmacist and guarantee safe use of medicines containing paracetamol, ibuprofen and / or aspirin (in particular to avoid the risk of overdose), such products should be removed from the OTC self-selection list from January 2020 and kept behind the counter in pharmacies. ANSM has launched a consultation period with marketers, who have one month to comment.

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According to our estimates, the decision (if implemented) could affect around 90 SKUs on the French market. This includes the trio of leading paracetamol-based brands – Doliprane, Dafalgan and Efferalgan – as well as the top OTC ibuprofen-based (Nurofen, Advil) and aspirin-based (Aspirine Upsa) analgesics. Various OTC generics from the likes of Biogaran, Sandoz and Mylan, as well as systemic cold & flu remedies (Fervex, HumexLib) and topical analgesics, could also be affected.

The true effect that this decision could have on sales of OTC systemic analgesics remains to be seen, but it would clearly not be welcome news for marketers active in a category that remains in persistent decline, in part because of another regulatory decision (reverse-switch of codeine in July 2017). Leading brands such as Doliprane (Sanofi) and Efferalgan (formerly BMS, now Taisho) are available in both semi-ethical (reimbursed) and pure OTC versions, the latter often backed by TV ads, and it’s these latter SKUs which marketers have invested in over recent years that are most at risk.

Rapid regulatory change will be one of the themes at Nicholas Hall’s upcoming OTC.NewDirections Executive ConferenceTaking place in London on 14 November, the meeting will ultimately focus on the latest CHC Innovations and Technologies, with presentations from RB, Mundipharma, J&J and many more experts from CHC and beyond. To book your place or find out more, please contact jennifer.odonnell@NicholasHall.com without delay.

Lifestyle OTCs still the best hope for OTC switch revival

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2019 has been a slow year for Rx-to-OTC switch news, with activity dropping off markedly in the key US market in recent years, and Asia-Pacific (especially China, Japan and Indonesia) and Europe (Poland especially) the main source of developments. In this context, it was welcome news last week that Norway will become the second European market for OTC Viagra, after the Norwegian Medicines Agency approved the OTC sale of Viagra Reseptfri (Pfizer, sildenafil 50mg) erectile dysfunction treatment to men aged 18+ years, with this to be accompanied by pharmacist advice.

Pfizer plans to launch Viagra Reseptfri in pharmacies in early 2020, while Rx Viagra will remain available. The medicines agency recommends that men have a check-up with their doctor within six months of purchase so that any potential underlying conditions can be investigated. Viagra Reseptfri will be the first medicine available in Norway under the country’s new category of non-prescription medicine with guidance, and the Rx-to-OTC switch follows similar measures elsewhere in Europe. In Poland, sildenafil 25mg is available OTC from a number of domestic players, with initial launch from Adamed in May 2016, while Viagra Connect was launched in the UK in March 2018.

Of the 20 key markets covered by OTC New Products Tracker every month since the start of 2013, Poland has been the most active in terms of Rx-to-OTC switch activity, with 54 products reclassified to non-prescription status. A liberal switch environment has helped bring about a raft of Rx-to-OTC switches since 2014, including Europe’s first OTC erectile dysfunction brand and Poland’s first OTC systemic cold sore treatment.

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Despite some notable failures (such as urinary product Flomax Relief), so-called “lifestyle” drugs remain the primary source of switch activity, helping to extend the reach of the OTC market into new categories such as contraception, erectile dysfunction and cardiovascular disease. A key switch development in 2019 was the downscheduling in Japan of Taisho’s hyperlipidaemia treatment Epadel T (ethyl eicosapentaenoate) to Class I OTC, where sales are permitted in pharmacies (and online) after professional consultation. Downscheduling may have come just in the nick of time – sales data suggest Epadel T had failed to make any noticeable impact on the OTC market in its almost six years as an Instruction-Required Drug.

There also remains hope that Sanofi may one day market Eli Lilly’s erectile dysfunction treatment Cialis as an OTC medicine (it owns the rights to market Cialis OTC in the USA, UK, Canada and Australia), but is switch application has been stuck at the FDA a full five years since its submission. In July 2019, Sanofi also signed a deal with Roche for the exclusive OTC rights to Tamiflu (oseltamivir 75mg capsules, Genentech / Roche Group) for flu prevention and treatment in the USA. Under the terms of the agreement, Sanofi will be responsible for leading negotiations with the US FDA for the OTC switch and subsequent exclusive marketing, scientific engagement and distribution of Tamiflu OTC in the USA. Let’s hope for the sake of OTC growth that its negotiations go smoothly.

Clear your diary for Nicholas Hall’s 31st European Conference, which will be held in Athens on 28-30 April 2020, on the theme of Advancing in CHC: The Must-Dos and  Reasons Behind Them. To register your interest in this event, or for more information on sponsorship opportunities, please contact jennifer.odonnell@NicholasHall.com.